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Light Tank

FV101 Scorpion

  FV101 Scorpion light tank

Entered service in 1973
Crew 3
Dimensions and weight 
Total weight in combat order 7.93 t
Overall length 4 400 mm
Chassis length 4 400 mm
Width 2 200 mm
Height 2 100 mm
Armament
Main gun 76-mm L23 rifled gun
Machine guns 1 x 7.62-mm
Traverse range 360 degrees
Elevation range - 10 to + 35 degrees
Combat load
Main gun 45 rounds
Machine guns 3 000 rounds
Mobility
Engine Perkins diesel
Engine power 195 hp
Maximum road speed 87 km/h
Maximum amphibious speed on water 6.4 km/h
Autonomy on roads 640 km
Maneuverability
Slope 31
Vertical step 0.5 m
Trench 2 m
Ford (unprepared) 1 m

The British FV101 Scorpion light tank has been produced by Alvis Vickers. It entered service in 1973 and was a part of tracked combat vehicle family CVR (T).

The FV101 was intended as a light, air transportable reconnaissance vehicle. It was welded from thick aluminum armor plates, making it light but not sacrificing armored protection.

Scorpion was armed with a turret mounted 76-mm L23A1 rifled gun. It fired high-explosive squash head, high-explosive, canister and smoke ammunition.

FV101 Scorpion light tanks The original model was powered by a Jaguar 4.2-liter petrol engine, which was used on cars. This engine was chosen for it's high power-to-weight ration. Furthermore it was already commercially available, what decreased the price of a combat vehicle and made it's maintenance easier. Despite that later it was replaced with a Perkins diesel unit, which offered better fuel economy and considerably reduced risk of fire. Both of these engines delivered similar power and were capable of reaching a maximum road speed in excess of 80 km/h.

Production totalled 3 000 CVR (T) vehicles including Scorpion light tanks, which was withdrawn from active service in Royal Army in 1994.


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