|Entered service in||1973|
|Dimensions and weight|
|Total weight in combat order||7.93 t|
|Overall length||4 400 mm|
|Chassis length||4 400 mm|
|Width||2 200 mm|
|Height||2 100 mm|
|Main gun||76-mm L23 rifled gun|
|Machine guns||1 x 7.62-mm|
|Traverse range||360 degrees|
|Elevation range||- 10 to + 35 degrees|
|Main gun||45 rounds|
|Machine guns||3 000 rounds|
|Engine power||195 hp|
|Maximum road speed||87 km/h|
|Maximum amphibious speed on water||6.4 km/h|
|Autonomy on roads||640 km|
|Vertical step||0.5 m|
|Ford (unprepared)||1 m|
The British FV101 Scorpion light tank has been produced by Alvis Vickers. It entered service in 1973 and was a part of tracked combat vehicle family CVR (T).
The FV101 was intended as a light, air transportable reconnaissance vehicle. It was welded from thick aluminum armor plates, making it light but not sacrificing armored protection.
Scorpion was armed with a turret mounted 76-mm L23A1 rifled gun. It fired high-explosive squash head, high-explosive, canister and smoke ammunition.
The original model was powered by a Jaguar 4.2-liter petrol engine, which was used on cars. This engine was chosen for it's high power-to-weight ration. Furthermore it was already commercially available, what decreased the price of a combat vehicle and made it's maintenance easier. Despite that later it was replaced with a Perkins diesel unit, which offered better fuel economy and considerably reduced risk of fire. Both of these engines delivered similar power and were capable of reaching a maximum road speed in excess of 80 km/h.
Production totalled 3 000 CVR (T) vehicles including Scorpion light tanks, which was withdrawn from active service in Royal Army in 1994.