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Guided Missile Cruiser (Nuclear Powered)

1144.2 Kirov class

D. (tons):

24300/25'396

Speed (kts):

32

Dimensions (m):

251,2 x 28,5 x 10,33

M./Engine:

4 nuclear reactors; 4 x 7000 steam turbines; 2 shafts driven 5 bladed props., turbogenerators: 4x3000 kW; GT generators: 4x1500 kW;  140'000 n.m/30 kts; endurance: 60 days

Man./Crew:

727 (aircrew 15)

Armament:

Missiles:

20 Granit (SS-N-19)  (R: 450 n.m; S: 2,5 mach; w: c/nuclear)
ADGM S-300F 12 launchers, 96 missiles)
2x2 SA OSA-MA   Total:40
ADGM  Kashtan Total: 192 missiles  (24000 cartiges)
10 Vodopad-NK  (SS-N-16) (R: 40 n.m; S: 1 mach, total: 20)

Artillery:

2  AK-130 DP  (130 mm; R: 28'800 m, 840 rounds)
8 x 6 AK-630 gattl. AA (6x30 mm; 6'000 rds/m/mount, 48000 rounds)

Electronics:

Combat information centre
Radio communications system
Satellite communications system
Anti-ship missile firing control
RBU-1000 and Udav fire control system
Surveillance radar system
Low flying and surface target acquisition radar
2 Air defence missile system fire-control radar
4 Fire control radar for 30 mm air defence gun
2 Navigation radars
Active and passive sonar system
Electronic countermeasures system
Decoy dispensers
2 x PK-2 with 400 rockets

Other:

1 x 10 RBU-1000 ASW RL (R: 6'000 m, total: 102)
2 x 6 RBU-Udav-1 ASW RL (R: 1'200 m, total: 40)
3 /Helicopters KA-27

Following the commission of the Pyotr Veliky nuclear missile cruiser to Russia's Navy, Baltiisk shipbuilding plant has completed a series of four heavy nuclear missile cruisers of the Project 1144 (with improvements implemented during construction) developed by the team of Severnoe Design Bureau. These ships play a special role in the armament system of the Navy and can constantly and continually maintain contact with enemy task forces and successfully fight them. They are intended for operations in remote regions of seas and oceans to destroy enemy nuclear missile submarines and surface ships, enhance combat capability of naval forces, escort convoys and landing ships during their transit to landing areas and their support at landing. The fire power of the cruiser is ensured by 20 underdeck missile launchers to fire cruise missiles with a considerable accuracy against enemy large surface ships of task forces at a range of over 500 km. The ship fire-control system fed with data from the target designation complex can use missiles at full firing range. The cruiser is able to maintain its strike potential via sophisticated AD armament. The armament comprises two versatile missile systems, Riff type, with underdeck drum type launchers for vertical liftoff of AD medium-range missiles. The AD guided missile can destroy any type of high speed maneuvering air targets at altitudes ranging from 25 m to 30 km and at a range of up to 90 km. The missile guidance system comprises one antenna post with a multifunctional phase antenna array. To ensure the cruiser's combat power, the armament also comprises the Kinzhal self-defense system outfitted with underdeck launchers of vertical liftoff. The AD missiles can engage various air targets at a range of up to 1.5 - 12 km. The cruiser air-defense and antimissile defense system also comprises two missile-artillery systems, Kashtan type: each of which comprises a detection radar, one command and three combat modules. The system ensures effective protection and combat power of the ship owing to an integrated control system, availability of channels for simultaneous tracking of targets and missiles in radar and TV-optical modes and full automation of combat control process, ranging from target detection to destruction. The missiles delivered in transporter-launcher containers can hit targets at a range of up to 8 km and 30mm automatic guns up to 5 km at maximum low flying targets and targets flying at a 4-km altitude. In addition to AD missile systems, the cruiser is also fitted with the AK-130 versatile shipborne artillery system to ensure self-defense against low flying antiship missiles. The cruiser's 130mm twin artillery mount is intended to deliver fire against sea and coastal targets and ensure fire support for naval landing. The artillery mount uses several types of complete rounds: HEF with impact, proximity and radio fuzes. The MR-184 fire-control system can track and engage two targets at a time. The MR-184 system comprises: a two-band target tracking radar, TV set, laser rangefinder, moving targets selection equipment and jamproof devices. The system ensures receipt of target designation data from shipborne target detection aids; precise measuring of movement parameters of air, sea and coastal targets; computing of anGle of elevation and azimuth during firing against sea target by referriNg to splashes. To protect the cruiser from enemy means of destruction, the armament system comprises ECM equipment and passive jamming system. Radar and optronic projectiles of passive jamming devices dispense decoys, thereby reducing the probability of guiding enemy missiles against the cruiser.  Evolution of cruises image during its construction

The Pyotr Veliky cruiser's antisubmarine system comprises: sophisticated sonar equipment with an underkeel antenna (in bulbous fairing) and towed antenna of automated sonar system; versatile system of missile-torpedo armament, including 533mm launchers (five on either side) housed in the cruiser's hull and capable of delivering fire via side ports; RBU-1200 ten-barrelled launcher and two RBU-1000 six-barrelled launchers. The cruiser has space for two Ka-27 antisubmarine helicopters stowed in an underdeck hangar, magazine for aircraft ammunition load, lift and helicopter pad for takeoff and landing. The cruiser is fitted with the Flag type radar system, including radars with integrated primary processing of data received from detected targets. The cruiser automated combat control system is provided by an information control system. The cruiser navigation aids and armament ensure both combat and routine activity. Design and research organizations, including customers, performed an extensive range of work during the development of this series of cruisers. The surface protection from missile weapons with conventional warheads was developed for the first time for domestic fighting ships of traditional postwar naval architecture. Krylov Central Research Institute developed basic layout solutions and designs. For the first time in domestic shipbuilding, this Institute developed and implemented a principally new layout of a degaussing rig and way of cruiser degaussing. The selection of the main machinery type was determined by the main role of the cruiser and its assigned missions. The automated main nuclear machinery comprises two reactors (to produce steam for operation), two main geared-turbine units developing 70,000 hp each (to ensure full cruiser speed of at least 30 knots) and two stand-by steam boilers of 115 t/h capacity. The stand-by steam boilers provide for development of 17 knots with nuclear reactors shut-off and ensure an operation range of up to 1,000 miles with shipborne fuel. The main machinery is arranged in three compartments: one compartment houses two nuclear reactors, the two others house geared-turbine units and steam boilers, respectively. During the design and creation of new versions of the main and auxiliary equipment of the main machinery of such considerable power, considerable attention was paid to basic layout and engineering solutions with regard to a nuclear reactor, geared-turbine units, protection means, auto mated control systems, radiation safety during combat and routine operation. The cruiser electricity generating system comprises four gas-turbo-generators of 3,000 kW and four gas-turbo-generators of 1,500 kW which generate electricity for shipborne consumers from four power plants. The nuclear missile cruisers are characterized by the introduction of science-engineering and design solutions. For the first time in the world fighting surface ships of this series feature: - the introduction of underdeck arrangement of antiship cruise missile launchers; - the provision of underdeck storage and vertical liftoff of AD guided missile systems, Riff type, and also the AD system, Klinok type, aboard the Pyotr Veliky cruiser ; - the creation of a powerful echeloned AD and antimissile system intended for task force ships. The successful implementation of ideas and designs on the Project 1144 cruiser constitutes a huge potential for the domestic shipbuilding and the ability to create state-of-the-art and effective fighting ships.


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