SHTURM SUPPORTED BY ATAKA
The KBM Engineering Design Bureau (Kolomna) has developed a unique weapon system, named Shturm (Storm). The system, using the 9M114 missile, turned out to be a breakthrough in the field of antitank missile systems.
Its design rests on two basic principles: (1) a missile common for all types of systems and (2) control systems designed on a common basis and using a maximum degree of unification of equipment. For the first time in the world, an antitank guided missile has broken the sound barrier and reached an effective range of 5,000 m.
unique design features implemented in the control equipment have made it possible to
conduct fire without impairing the target hit probability under active enemy counteraction
and solve the problem of protection against various natural and man-made radio and IR
interferences, a key problem for such systems.
Due to its long range of fire, short time of flight to the target and high noise immunity, the Shturm system possesses an incontestable advantage over such antitank systems as Konkurs, Fagot, TOU and HOT in terms of these characteristics in particular and overall performance as a whole. The Shturm system armed with the 9M114 missile is currently in service with the Russian army. During conduct of military exercises and in real action it has proved to be a highly effective and reliable weapon. Recently, a new missile, called Ataka, has been developed for use with the Shturm-S and Shturm-V systems.
the KBM Design Bureau offers to its customers the Shturm multi-mission missile system
armed with the Ataka missile, capable of effectively engaging the following ground, water
and air targets:
Shturm system can use, without modifications of its control equipment and launchers, the
Ataka missiles which are more effective than the 9M114 missile and whose range of fire has
been increased to 6,000 m with the supersonic speed of the missile retained. The Ataka
missile can be armed with two types of warheads: tandem high-explosive antitank (HEAT) and
The following are the advantages offered by the Shturm multi-mission system armed with the Ataka missile.
speed and short flying time to the target. This particularly means:
rate of fire (2-3 rounds per minute), provides for:
High noise immunity ensures effective firing without decreasing the target hit probability under natural and man-made radio and IR interferences.
The high accuracy of fire ensures actually a first-shot hit.
The long effective range (up to 6,000 m) adds to the high survivability of the missile carrier.
availability of two types of warheads (powerful tandem HEAT and blast-action) makes it
possible to engage:
Moreover, the system allows simultaneous combat employment of several (up to 10) missile carriers without their interference into each other's operation.
Mi-24 and Ka-29 helicopters can accommodate up to eight Ataka missiles and the 9P149
combat vehicle - 12 missiles. The Ataka missile is a basic guided weapon of the new Mi-28N
combat helicopter which can carry up to 16 missiles on its hardpoints. A multitude of the
weapons used by the carriers permit them to engage a large number of different targets in
a single combat operation.
Another proof of the high combat effectiveness of the Shturm-V system has been furnished by the demonstration firings of the 9M114 (Shturm) and 9M120 (Ataka) missiles from the Mi-28A helicopter, which took place at the firing range in Vidsel (Sweden) at the end of 1995. The helicopter was piloted by a Swedish crew. The Shturm missile was launched from the hovering helicopter at a target located 900 m away, and the Ataka missile was launched from a level flight at a speed of 200 km/h at a target located 4,700 m away. Both missiles passed at a distance of 1 m from the aiming point. The Swedes praised the results and noted that the accuracy of fire at the platform's increasing speed and distance was amazing.
The high performance characteristics and above-listed merits of the heliborne and self-propelled versions of the Shturm system make it possible to significantly broaden the spectrum of combat employment of the missiles by creating a stand-alone module on the basis of a self-propelled version and by utilizing the equipment of the shipborne version of the Shturm system.
The stand-alone module is essentially a frame which mounts the equipment of the Shturm-S system, operator's seat and the launcher with the aiming drives and reloading mechanism. Such a module can be arranged on any type of a self-propelled chassis having a suitable load-lifting capacity, say, on an armored personnel carrier or tank. It may also be expedient to place it inside a fixed structure. In this case, the combat stations with the module may be sited, for instance, along a sea coast for the latter's effective defense.
The missile launched from the boat can kill any surface target, neutralize shore-based fire emplacements and artillery batteries, and destroy concentrations of manpower and materiel due to the high power of its warhead and high hit probability. It should be pointed out that the missile's homing accuracy is not affected by the carrier boat evolutions and remains high at a sea state up to 4.
A boat armed with guided missile weapons gains a 15 to 20-fold edge in an encounter with a boat armed with common guns. The effective range of fire is 3 to 4 times longer as compared to the boats carrying standard armament. This significantly enhances the boat's capacity to defend sea borders and perform patrol duties.
The supersonic speed and short flying time of the missile to the target, the effective range extending to about 6,000 m, choice of several types of warheads, high rate of fire and possibility of simultaneous combat employment of several weapon carriers without their interference into one another's operation, as well as high state of provision with combat equipment make the Shturm system armed with the Ataka missile, the most up-to-date weapons system capable of effectively engaging various targets.
To conclude, the Shturm multi-mission missile system can perform a wide range of combat missions on land, in the air and at sea, using the standard Ataka missile.