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Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile

R - 77 RVV-AE

NATO Designation AA-12 "Adder"

Artist's impression on the R-77 RVV-AE (AA-12 "Adder") medium-range air-to-air missile

Entered service in 1994
Range against closing target 150 km
Range against receding target 50 - 90 km
Weight 175 kg
Weight of warhead 30 kg
Type of warhead expanding rod
Speed Mach 4+
Guidance active radarhoming
Length 3.6 m
Diameter 0.2 m
Fin span 0.7 m
Carried by Ka-50, Ka-52, MiG-29, MiG-31, Su-27, Su-30, Su-33, Su-34, Su-35, Su-37, Yak-141
   The R-77 is a modern medium-range air-to-air missile. It was developed by "Vympel" design bureau since 1980s and entered service with Russian army in 1994. It is believed that it will be the standard Russian fighter aircraft missile. NATO countries designated it as the AA-12 "Adder".

   It has an active radarhoming seeker and alike the R-27 medium-range missile it is guided to a certain point with the help of a data link. But then it uses an onboard radar to illuminate the target and steers towards it. Similar to the AIM-120 AMRAAM it gives the pilot a certain "fire and forget" capability. One more interesting detail is that it's NATO unofficial designation is "AMRAAMski". Missile has a range of fire in 0.5 - 150 kR-77 RVV-AE (AA-12 "Adder") medium-range air-to-air missileilometers.

   The R-77 became a base for the R-77E featuring extended range and even more improved R-77M. The last mentioned is completed with a different engine and has a greater weight. Relying on official sources the R-77 has a range of fire in 200 kilometers. This missile is expected to be in service not earlier than 2007.

   Recently besides Russian air forces the R-77 missile were exported and are operational in India, Malaysia and Peru.

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