NATO Designation SS-21 "Scarab"
|ntered service in||1973|
|Launch weight||2 000 kg|
|Weight of warhead||480 kg|
|Type of warhead||nuclear 5-150 ktons, high-explosive fragmentation or cluster|
|Number of stages||1|
|Deflection from the target||10 m|
|Carried by||ZIL-375 launching vehicle|
The 9M79 "Tochka"
short range ballistic missile complex was developed in 1972 and in 1973 it
entered service in the Soviet armed forces with infantry and armored
regiments. This complex is intended to defeat the most important enemy
objects: nuclear strike means, missile launch positions, airfields,
command posts, anti-aircraft units, artillery batteries, and other small
size targets with a precision fire. This missile complex was designated by
NATO as SS-21 "Scarab-A".
Complex carries one solid fuel, single stage missile with inertial guidance system. Missile is completed with a three type of warheads: nuclear with an adjustable power in 5 - 150 ktons, 480 kilograms weight high-explosive fragmentation, and cluster warhead.
Short range ballistic missile has a range of fire in 120 kilometers. Possible radial deflection from the target is only 10 meters. Recently "Tochka" missile complex has a greatest range of fire among all field artillery and infantry missile systems used in the Russian army.
The "Scarab" is based on a mobile ZIL-375 6-wheeled launching vehicle. This vehicle has a road speed in 60 km/h and fords water obstacles with the speed in 10 km/h.
Improved variant of "Tochka" is designated as 9M79M1 "Tochka-U" (SS-21 "Scarab-B").