The Kolomna Engineering Design Bureau is the leading developer of precision-guided tactical and theater missiles for the Ground Forces.
In creative cooperation with leading research and design organizations and plants of the defense industry as well as the Defense Ministry Research Institute, the KBM Engineering Design Bureau has created a number of missile systems (division-level Tochka (SS-21) with a range of up to 70 km, army-level Oka (SS-23) with a range of up to 400 km, corps-level Tochka-U with a range of up to 120 km) that superseded the first generation missile systems of the Ground Forces (9K72 with 8K14-1 liquid-propellant missile, 9K52 with the 9M21unguided solid-propellant missile,ensuring effective engagement only if nuclear-tipped).
The particular features of the aforementioned systems are: high accuracy of fire, a short time of readiness for launch, independence of combat assets, a high degree of prelaunch preparation automation and sufficiently high effectiveness of conventional warheads.
That was evidently the reason to include the Oka missile system in the Soviet-American treaty on the elimination of their intermediate range and shorter range missiles, although its maximum guaranteed range was only 400 km.
The conclusion of the 1987 INF Treaty and the decision not to use theater nuclear weapons set a number of principally new requirements for modern missile systems:
- use of non-nuclear destruction weapons only;
- precise accuracy of fire;
- control throughout the entire flight path;
- broad range of effective warheads;
- availability of battle management automation and information support systems, including preparation of standard information for correction and terminal guidance systems;
- possibility of integration into global satellite navigation systems (GSNSs), such as GLONASS and NAVSTAR;
- ability to engage hardened targets;
- increase in the number of engaged targets per unit of time;
- ability to penetrate air and missile defenses;
- capability to engage moving targets.
To meet the above requirements, the KBM Engineering Design Bureau has created the Iskander-E missile system.
The Iskander-E missile system has embodied the best scientific, technical and design achievements in the field of theater missile systems; in terms of its design and high combat effectiveness it is an absolutely new-generation weapon which outperforms existing Scud-B, Tochka-U, Lance, ATACMS, Pluto and other missile systems.
The Iskander-E missile system is designed to engage:
- hostile fire weapons (SAM and missile batteries);
- fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft at parking areas;
- air and missile defense facilities;
- command posts and communications nodes;
- vital pinpoint and area targets;
- critical civilian facilities.
Owing to the implementation of terminal control and guidance methods, control throughout the entire flight path, a broad range of powerful warheads and integration of the onboard control system with various correction and homing systems as well as a high probability of combat mission accomplishment in heavy hostile jamming environments, type targets are engaged by one or two Iskander-E missiles, which in terms of effectiveness is equivalent to the use of a nuclear munition.
For the first time in the world a missile system with a firing range not exceeding 300 km is capable of accomplishing all combat missions using conventional warheads and having two missiles on a launcher, which substantially increases the fire power potential of missile units.
Iskander-E missile system's features ensure:
- highly precise and effective engagement of various types of targets;
- possibility of concealed preparation, combat duty and delivery of effective missile strikes;
- automatic computation and input of a missile flying mission by the launcher devices;
- high probability of combat mission accomplishment in heavy hostile jamming environments;
- high probability of trouble-free missile operation during launch preparation and in flight;
- high tactical maneuverability due to cross-country combat vehicles mounted on all-wheel drive, chassis, and strategic mobility owing to transportability of the missile system by all types of transport facilities, including transport aircraft;
- automation of missile unit battle management, immediate processing of intelligence data and their dissemination to appropriate command levels;
- long service life and ease of operation.
In terms of performance characteristics, the Iskander-E missile fully complies with the provisions of the missile technology non-proliferation agreement. This is a deterrent weapon for local conflicts and a strategic weapon for countries with limited living space.
A long firing range, permitting the use of the system from the depth of own troops location, and a short time of stay on a launch site make the system virtually invulnerable to conventional destruction weapons.
The research conducted by specialists of leading Russian military research centers has demonstrated that in terms of the effectiveness-cost ratio the Iskander-E missile system outperforms the best foreign counterparts by five to eight times.
The system structure, its control systems, automated battle management and information support make it possible to promptly meet to new requirements without substantial modification of combat assets and, as a result, to guarantee a long lifespan.
Provision is made for the modernization of the Iskander-E system to improve the accuracy of missile strike, reduce missile expenditure to one piece per target and adapt the system to the transportation and electronic facilities of a potential customer.
Continuous (or periodic) maintenance of system components by highly qualified Russian specialists is also possible.
The composition of the missile system makes it possible to ensure the full cycle of its combat employment, including battle management, information support, maintenance, and crew training, without additional expenditures. The composition can be specified in a contract in compliance with customer's requirements.
In addition, at foreign customer' request, missiles can be outfitted with various warheads.
In terms of the attained combat potential level, the Iskander-E missile system, which is at the final stage of flight tests, is unrivaled in the world and is a 21st century weapon.