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Assault Rifle

Type 95 

 

The QBZ-95 (Type 95) Assault Rifle

Caliber 5.8 mm
Cartridge type 5.8 x 42 mm
Dimensions and weight 
Total weight (with empty magazine) 3 400 g
Overall length  760 mm 
Barrels length  520 mm 
Fire characteristics
Bullet initial speed 930 m/s
Practical rate of fire  40 - 100 rpm
Magazine capacity 30 rounds
Range of effective fire 500 - 600 m

   The QBZ-95 Assault Rifle was first publicly shown in 1997.It is a new generation Chinese assault rifle. The QBZ-95 was designed by "Norinco" and was adopted by China's armed forces as the Type 95 Assault Rifle. For the moment it is gradually replacing out-dated assault rifles from the Chinese army and in the near future The Type 95 will be the main China infantry assault rifle.

   The QBZ means "Qing Buqiang Zu" or light rifle family. It is chambered for Chinese 5.8 x 42 mm cartridge. It must be said that when the USA and the Soviet Union began to equip their army's with a small caliber new generation rifles (5.56 x 45 mm and 5.45 x 39 mm consequently) Chinese decided not to adopt one of these cartridges to equip it's army but to design new small caliber cartridge on their own.

   China began it's own studies for a small caliber infantry weapon in the early 70-ties. At the end of 70-ties after years of various testing and comprehensive studies Chinese have chosen 5.8 mm cartridge for their new generation rifles. 

   Most likely thThe QBZ-95 (Type 95) Assault Rifle with the knife-bayonet attachedat the QBZ-95 itself is a greatly improved Type 86s Assault Rifle in it's design but is some kind of successor of the Type 87 Assault Rifle chambered for the same cartridge.

   It's automatic works on the gas returning principle threw the gas chamber. Most likely that rifle's internal design basically resembles the AK-74 Assault Rifle redesigned in "bullpup" scheme. It's trigger mechanism executes single, automatic and three shot burst fire. A fire mode changer is a manual safety lock at once.

   Rifle is manufactured from high tinsel aluminum and polymer materials unlike the Type 86s which was fully made from stamped steel. It also features a cold hammer forged barrel what is a really great advantage as such barrel provides increased accuracy comparing with usual ones. Assault rifle has a lower weight comparing with it's predecessor.

   It's reloading handle is placed over the barrel box. Trigger guard has uncommon design slightly transferring in to additional pistol handle.

   The QBZ-95 is fed from a 30 round magazines.

   The opened sight is built-in in the rifle's carrying handle. The QBZ-95 can be equipped with a variety of optical or night vision sights over the carrying handle. Rifle is compatible with all STANAG standard accessories. It can be completed with an underbarrel grenade launcher such as the US M203 or it's Chinese copies and multipurpose knife-bayonet.Chinese Airborne troops equipped with the (QBZ-95) Type 95 Assault Rifle

   The rifle was developed in two main variants: the main assault rifles and it's carbine version. The last mentioned CAR-95 Carbine is intended mostly for law enforcement and special forces. It has a similar to the QBZ-95 design but has no foregrip but a larger additional pistol handle instead. It's muzzle sight is built in the carrying handle.

   Furthermore there was designed a QBB-95 Light Machine Gun. It basically resembles the QBZ-95 but has a longer and heavier barrel and bipod. The QBB-95 is fed from the 75 rounds drum magazines however it is also compatible with the standard 30 round magazines. The QBB-95 was adopted by Chinese armed forces as the Type 95 Light Machine Gun.

   There is one more variant of the QBZ-95 Assault Rifle - the QBZ-97. This model is chambered for a standard NATO 5.56 x 45 mm (.223 Rem) cartridge and is intended for export.

Advantages

   The QBZ-95 (Type 95) can be compared in it's reliability with the AK Assault Rifles. Assault Rifle features low recoil power and cold hammer forged barrel. These features provide high fire accuracy. Furthermore it executes three shot burst fire. Weapon's compact dimensions, light weight, additional pistol and carrying handles provide comfortable handling and usage including in a limited space areas. It has can be reloaded from the each hand. One more advantage is ability to fed it from the 75 round drum magazine.

Disadvantages

   High sighting line makes quiet dangerous firing from the covers as the shooter must uncover almost till his waist to make a sighted shot. All the "bullpup" design rifles feature uncomfortable magazines replacement. One more disadvantage is that the QBZ built on the "bullpup" principle has insufficient ambidextrous abilities as the extraction  opening is placed right.


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