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Automatic Rifle

Heckler & Koch G. 36

The Hk G. 36E Automatic Rifle

Caliber 5.56 mm
Cartridge type 5.56 x 45 mm (.223 Rem)
Dimensions and weight 
Total weight (with loaded magazine)  4 100 g
Total weight (with empty magazine) 3 600 g
Overall length  1 000 mm 
 Length (with folded butt-stock) 758 mm 
Barrels length 480 mm 
Fire characteristics
Bullet initial speed 925 m/s
Rate of fire 750 rpm
Practical rate of fire  40 - 100 rpm
Magazine capacity 30 rounds
Sighting range 1 000 m
Range of effective fire 800 m
   The G. 36 Automatic Rifle was developed by the "Heckler & Koch" company in an extra short terms in early 1990 to replace technically quiet good but morally stale G. 3 Automatic Rifle. This automatic rifle has already showed it's high combat abilities and reliability during peacekeeping operation in Yugoslavia, Afghanistan, and Iraq wars. This German automatic rifle will probably have the same glorious future as the G. 3 Automatic Rifle. The G. 36 was adopted by Bundeswehr (the German armed forces) in 1995 and recently is the standard infantry automatic rifle in Germany. Furthermore in 1999 the export modification of the G. 36 was entered service with the Spanish army as a main infantry rifle. It is also used by a number of various law enforcement agencies worldwide.

   The new automatic rifle has not much in common with the G. 3 in an automatic work principle. It uses no roller delay system and is based on the gas returning principle thGerman airborne troop armed with the Hk G. 36K carbine.rew the barrel channel. It's operation system appears to be a modification of the "Armalite" AR-18 Automatic Rifle system. The new rifle is compatible with the NATO standards.

   It was simplified as more as possible to ensure greater reliability than the G. 3 and to lower it's price. It can be disassembled using a pin or a cartridge as the main parts are connected together by cross-pins. Very similar trigger group connection method was used with the "Uzi" Submachine Gun. 

   A pistol handle and a trigger guard are built in one trigger group. The standard trigger group allows to execute single fire, 2 shot burst, or automatic fire. There are produced a number of trigger group combinations including earlier mentioned fire modes and a 3 shot burst. The trigger group can be replaced depending on shooter requirements.

   The new automatic rifle is made from the most modern materials and using most modern technologies.

   A reloading handle is placed over the barrel box and is rotated to the shooter preferred side to reload the weapon. This feature in addition to a cartridge-case reflector and a fire mode changer placed from the each side makes the G. 36 ambidextrous. When not in use the reloading handle aligns itself over the barrel box. It moves together with the lock frame when fired. A safety-lock is a fire mode changer at once.

   A cartridge-case extraction window is fitted with deflector throwing cases forward. This feature prevents left-handed shooter face injuries. 

   It is stable executing automatic fire of it's low recoil power. The rifle also features high shockproof and reliability in harmful conditions. The G. 36 needs no special storage conditions what was ensured by a number of new materials such as fiberglass filled polyamide which is cheaper tighter and has a lower weight comparing with wood while it features similar thermo isolation. Furthermore all metal parts have special thermo isolation cover making hard to spot shooter with a thermo vision devices. Rifle is easy to operate and maintain and furthermore has a high repair abilities. A great number of mechanisms are made as a separate modules. A number of rifle parts were made using the latest inventions in the powder metallurgy.The G. 36K Carbine with a fodled buttstock and a long flash-hider compatible with rifle grenades

   The G. 36 Automatic Rifle is fed from the standard NATO 30 round magazine. The original German magazines are made from translucent plastic with a special studs placed from the each side. It allows to clip together two or three magazines so shooter operates with 90 rounds of ammunition always ready to use. Magazine release catch was located right after the magazine similar to the G. 3 or the AK-47 Assault Rifle. The G. 36 can also be fed from a 100-round dual drum magazines. This magazine is standard with the LMG. 36 (Light Machine Gun version of the G. 36 Automatic Rifle).

   Rifle is fitted with a folding right side metal-frame buttstock with a shoulder rubber absorber. This buttstock is standard with all of the G. 36 Automatic Rifle modifications. This feature made the rifle suitable for the airborne troops. Furthermore right folded stock does not interfere with cartridge-case extraction, reloading and other operations.

   The standard G. 36 is fitted with dual sighting device with a main 3.5x magnification optical sight and a 1x magnification collimator sight (placed above it) built into the carrying handle as staThe G. 36C Compact Automatic Rifle completed with picatinny rail and an opened sight ndard. The optical sight has a sighting range in 1 000 m while the collimator is intended for a short distances up to 200 m. An export version the G. 36E is fitted only with an optical sight. Rifles can be additionally fitted with an NSA 80 II passive night sight with a sighting range under the moonlight in 350 m.

   The new automatic rifle can be fitted with the AG36 40-mm underbarrel grenade launcher developed by the same "Heckler & Koch". The G. 36 is completed with the multipurpose knife-bayonet similar to the AKM knife-bayonet. It is fitted with a replaceable flash-hiders. This feature allows to fire standard rifle grenades mounted on the long flash-hider. However it is not recommended as the weapon has no gas pressure adjuster and the rifle grenades can be fired only in extreme situation. A long flash-hider also features ability to cut barbed wire by placing inside the flash-hider and firing.

      The export modification of the G. 36 is similar to the standard model except the 1.5x magnification optical sight instead of the 3.5x and without collimator sight. HThe LMG. 36 Light Machine Gunowever it is also fitted with an opened fixed sight built into the carrying handle and intended for a close distance aiming. This version is indexed as the G. 36E Automatic Rifle.

   On the G. 36 base there were developed modifications such as the G. 36K carbine, G. 36C compact automatic rifle, LMG. 36 fire support weapon. Each of them are chambered for the standard NATO 5.45 x 45 mm (.223 Rem) cartridge. The G. 36K carbine is a similar to the standard automatic rifle instead of the shortened barrel. It was intended for airborne troops and is in service with the German armed forces. It is fitted with the dual sighting device while it's export version the G. 36KE is completed only with the optical and opened sights. 

   The G. 36C is a compact model of the standard automatic rifle. It is completed with a built-in picatinny-type rail over the barrel box for various accessories and sighting devices instead of the standard dual sight. This version features a compact dimensions very close to an ordinary submachine gun. The G. 36C is mostly intended for the staff personnel, artillery crew members, drivers, and other secondary purpose units. It is also suitable for a special forces in it's characteristics and dimensions. The disadvantage of the G. 36C is that it cannot be compatible with an underbarrel grenade launcher.

   One more modification the LMG. 36 is an automatic squad light machine gun. Every standard G. 36 can be transformed into a fire support weapon by adding 100 round capacity dual drum magazine and detachable folding bipod.

Advantages

   The main G. 36 Automatic Rifle advantages are: it's high reliability; ability to dismantle in the field conditions; good fire accuracy; ability to fire in burst mode and a variety of trigger group combinations; long service life in 10 000 shots; ambidextrous use ability; comfortable use and easy maintenance.

   And also: transparent magazines; ability to use magazines compatible with the NATO standards; the magazine clips allow to carry some magazines connected and ready to replace; integrated dual sight mount; folding buttstock; carrying handle placed on the rifle mass center of the automatic rifle; silent shot sound.

Disadvantages

   Overheating of the foregrip firing in full-automatic mode; the lose of zero point in built in scopes in some rifles; high sighting line; no ability to mount an underbarrel grenade launcher in the field conditions as it needs replacement of the foregrip.


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