|Entered service in||1983|
|Dimensions and weight|
|Total weight in combat order||10 000 kg|
|Overall length||7 m|
|Number of launching tubes||32||16||4||4|
|Number of rockets||32||16||4||4|
|Rocket's weight||68 kg||152 kg||595 kg||?|
|Maximum firing range||30 km||35 km||60 km||90 km|
|Minimal firing range||9 km||15 km||20 km||22 km|
|Engine power||280 hp|
|Maximum road speed||65 km/h|
|Vertical obstacle||1 m|
The ASTROS II or Artillery SaTuration ROcket System was developed by Avibras and entered service with Brazilian Army in 1983. The ASTROS II is a self-propelled multiple launch rocket system. It is based on the 6x6 all-terrain vehicle and has a modular design. This MLRS employs rockets of various calibers, ranging from 127-mm to 300-mm.
The main variants of the ASTROS II are the SS-30, SS-40, SS-60 and the SS-80. These were optimized for various rocket calibers, however rocket platforms were interchangeable. Launching vehicle carried between 4 and 32 rockets depending on the model. The SS-80 with 300-mm rockets has a maximum range of fire in 90 kilometers. Ammunition type includes high explosive rockets, cluster warheads fitted with anti-personnel or anti-tank mines, or runway denial warheads.
Ammunition resupply vehicles for the ASTROS II carry 2 complete loads for each launcher. The command and control vehicle coordinates fire direction of firing missions of up to 3 ASTROS batteries.
The ASTROS II became the most profitable project of the Avibras. During the 1980s Avibras sold over 60 ASTROS II MLRS systems to Iraq and undisclosed number of units to Bahrain, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Malaysia has also ordered a number of ASTROS II systems and first deliveries being made in 2002. Furthermore Iraq operated a number of license-built versions of the SS-60, locally designated designated as the Sajil-60. The ASTROS II artillery system was used in action by the Iraqi Army during the Gulf Wars.
Written by Anibal Stranburgo (Do you also want to become an editor?)