|Entered service in||1989|
|Dimensions and weight|
|Wing span||8.87 m|
|Weight (empty)||6 730 kg|
|Maximum take off weight||13 000 kg|
|Engines and performance|
|Engines||1 x Rolls-Royce Spey 807 turbofan|
|Traction||1 x 49 kN|
|Maximum speed||1 160 km/h|
|Altitude||13 000 m|
|Flying range||3 330 km|
|Aviation gun||1 x 20-mm M61
Vulcan rotary cannon (Italian version);
2 x 30-mm DEFA 544 cannon (Brazilian version)
|Missiles||2 x AIM-9 Sidewinder or 2 x MAA-1 Piranha, also air-to-ground missiles|
|Bombs||up to 3 800 kg of bombs including GP and LGB bombs|
In 1981 Italian and Spanish governments agreed on joint requirements for new aircraft. Embraer - the Brazilian aircraft manufacturer joined the same year. This new aircraft was built by AMX International.
The first prototype made it's maiden flight in 1984. This aircraft was lost during it's fifth flight, however programme was otherwise successful. Production of the AMX started in 1986 and in 1989 first aircraft were delivered to Brazilian and Italian air forces. Approximately 200 AMXs of all variants have been produced.
Italian AMX aircraft took part in Operation Allied Force in 1999. They flew a number of combat sorties over Kosovo and not a single aircraft was lost. These aircraft used mainly Mk.82 free-fall bombs fitted with guidance kits.
The AMX-T is a two-seat trainer variant and still retains attack capabilities. Both Italian and Brazilian air forces operate a small number of these aircraft.
The AMX-ATA (or Advanced Trainer Attack) is also two-seater. Generally it is a multi-mission attack aircraft with limited air-to-air capability, suitable for attack and combat roles. This aircraft incorporates new sensors, forward-looking infra-red, helmet-mounted display, new radar for anti-air and anti-ship capability. New weapon systems include anti-ship missiles and medium range air-to-air missiles. In 1999 Venezuela ordered eight aircraft of this type.
Written by Anibal Stranburgo (Do you also want to become an editor?)